Research Projects & Publications
Dissertation “The Sustainable Citizen in Nineteenth Century Literature”
Advisor: Adrienne Munich
Expected Graduation May 2018
“The Sustainable Citizen in Nineteenth Century Literature” recovers British and American novels, poems, and film adaptations to argue for the emergence of sustainable citizen types concerned about the environment—prose writers, citizen advocates, literary authors, and their characters. The sustainable citizen embodies an ideal political and moral condition as a legally recognized subject of a polity who demonstrates supererogatory acts to serve the environment’s interests. By analyzing sustainable citizen types, this study claims that literary works, and their film adaptations, provide examples of those rooted in the land, who desire (but sometimes disavow) what George Eliot terms a “tender kinship for the face of earth.” These concerns with environmental kinship are clearly visible in the settings of Victorian novels such as Hard Times and Daniel Deronda, and poems such as “Goblin Market.” By exploring how citizenship rights and responsibilities relate to state schemes of environmental sustainability, this study gestures beyond the pages of literature to consider futurity by posing the question: what does it mean to be a sustainable citizen in the Anthropocene?
Fewer isten, "Is the Gaze Human?"
Sophie Christman Lavin, Society for Cinema and Media Studies Atlanta Conference, March 2016.
Panel: Digital Mediations in Large and Small Screen
Christman Lavin, Sophie. “Bustin’ Bonaparte: A Post-Apartheid Adaptation of Olive Schreiner’s The Story of an African Farm,” Adaptation, April, 2016. DOI: 10.1093/adaptation/apw023.
Abstract: This article examines how the South African film Bustin’ Bonaparte (2004) presents a post-apartheid adaptation of Victorian colonialism in Olive Schreiner’s 1883 English novel The Story of an African Farm. While both narratives utilize the surprising mode of play to unfold competing racial and gender hierarchies in colonial Africa, Lister’s comedic film radically revises Schreiner’s tragic novel to witness the hopeful post-apartheid nationalism of Africa’s children.
"The Climate of Ecocinema"
Christman Lavin, Sophie and E. Ann Kaplan. “The Climate of Ecocinema,” Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication, 2016. DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190228613.013.121
“Ecocinema involves the human gaze looking at cinema through the lens of the environment, in a manner analogous to the way feminists provided the cinematic lens of gender in the 1970s. However, as with feminism, enormous differences pertain in regard to how the ecocinema lens is mobilized. In analyzing films from the late 1800s to the early 21st century, ecocinema studies have evolved to include critical lines of inquiry from perspectives of psychology, feminism, socioeconomics, science, and activism. Research frames used in these inquiries include: setting and landscape in films (Fish, LeFebvre, Harper and Raynor), ecological analyses of mainstream and independent fictional films (Ingram, Murray and Heumann, Brereton), posthuman cinematic representations (Pick and Narraway, Mittman), transnational and regional analyses (Gustafsson and Kääpä, Lu and Mi), and, more recently, trauma in speculative dystopian films (Narine, Kaplan). Ecocinema critics analyze films from a variety of genres, including Hollywood, independent, transnational, documentary, animated, art cinema, and especially climate fiction (“cli-fi”) films.”
Publications: Book Reviews
"Ecocriticism, and Citizenship: Thinking and Acting in the Local and Global Commons"
Sophie Christman Lavin. Review of American Studies, Ecocriticism, and Citizenship: Thinking and Acting in the Local and Global Commons, edited by Joni Adamson and Kimberly N. Ruffin. With a Foreward by Philip J. Deloria. Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and the Environment, Autumn 2015, pp. 907-909.
"Green Speculations: Science Fiction and Transformative Environmentalism"
Sophie Christman Lavin. Review of Green Speculations: Science Fiction and Transformative Environmentalism, by Eric C. Otto. The Journal of Ecocriticism, July 2012.
Humanities for the Environment
Member, Humanities for the Environment Executive Committee, SUNY Stony Brook
Founded in 2013, the SUNY, Stony Brook University committee was created to prompt critical inquiry related to the environment through the New Environmentalisms’ faculty seminar, public lectures, and special events. The committee is comprised of scholars and graduate students working in the fields of environmental and film criticism, scientists, social scientists, and artists.
As a member of the executive committee Sophie has developed lecture series such as "The Nature of Ecocentrism" and "Climate Justice" with speakers including Greta Gaard, Michael Klare, Jesse Oak Taylor, and Tonya Lewis.
"Witnessing Climate Change: A Documentation Project"
2016/17 “Witnessing Climate Change: A Documentation Project”
Sophie Christman Lavin is Co-principal Investigator for “Witnessing Climate Change: A Documentation Project”. This interdisciplinary Humanities for the Environment FAHSS-funded project, is in partnership with Departments of English, Sustainability, Humanities Institute, Southampton Campus, and Community Collaborators.
The overall project goal is to help prompt climate change adaptation by increasing the visibility, impact, and documentation of anthropogenic climate change—in literary and film analyses, the performing arts, and public film screenings. Witnessing Climate Change theorizes how the act of witnessing impacts future infrastructural and individual decision-making, as these choices relate to urgent environmental issues.
This multi-scalar project creates witnesses to climate change in distinct ways: through theoretical analysis of “climate fiction” texts, by hosting public climate change lectures and ecocinema film screenings. While the project investigates the range of traumatic and even apocalyptic approaches to climate change in literature, film, and art, it balances these difficult discourses with a determined focus on community resilience, and on narratives that offer robust ways forward from the current crisis.